tymask.ono

23 March, 2008

List of Supervolcano Eruption

Filed under: World best — tymask @ 5:04 am

Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) dikemukakan oleh Chris Newhall dari U.S. Geological Survey dan Steve Self dari Universitas Hawaii tahun 1982 untuk menyediakan pengukuran relatif dari besarnya letusan gunung berapi.

VEI Name Year
0 Mauna Loa 1984
Piton de la Fournaise 2004
Hoodoo Mountain 7050 BC?
1 Kilauea 1983 – present
Nyiragongo 2002
Wells Gray-Clearwater Volcanic Field 1500?
2 Mount Hood 18651866
Kilauea 1924
Nazko Cone 7200 BP
Tristan da Cunha 1961
Whakaari/White Island 2001
Mount Usu 20002001
3 Mount Vesuvius 19131944
Mount Edziza 950 AD ± 1000 years
Surtsey 19631967
Eldfell 1973
Nevado del Ruiz 1985
Mount Etna 20022003
Mount Garibaldi 9,300 BP
4 Mount Pelée 1902
Parícutin 19431952
Hekla 1947
Galunggung 1982
Mount Spurr 1992
5 Mount Vesuvius (Pompeii eruption) 79
Mount Tarumae 1739
Mount Agung 1963
Mount St. Helens (1980 eruption) 1980
Mount Meager (2350 BP eruption) 2350 BP
El Chichón 1982
Mount Hudson 1991
Mount Tarawera 1886
6 Mount Etna 8000 BP?
Mount Vesuvius (Avellino eruption) 1660 BC ± 43 years
Thera (Minoan eruption) 1620s BC or 1520s BC
Mount Churchill (White River Ash) 1200 BP
Ilopango 450 ± 30 years
Laki 934
Baekdu Mountain (Tianchi eruption) 1000
Kuwae 1452 or 1453
Huaynaputina 1600
Laki 1783
Krakatoa 1883
Santa María 1902
Novarupta 1912
Mount Pinatubo 1991
7 Bennett Lake Volcanic Complex 50 Ma
Yellowstone (Mesa Falls eruption) 1.3 Ma
Long Valley Caldera 760,000 BP
Kurile 6440 BC ± 25 years
Crater Lake, Oregon (Mount Mazama eruption) 4860 BC
Kikai (Akahoya eruption) 4350 BC
Taupo (Hatepe eruption) 180
Mount Tambora 1815
8 La Garita Caldera 27 Ma
Yellowstone (Huckleberry Ridge eruption) 2.2 Ma
Galán 2.2 Ma
Yellowstone (Lava Creek eruption) 640,000 BP
Toba 73,000 BP
Taupo (Oruanui eruption) 26,500 BP

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